PAID

Practical Application to Include Disease Costs (PAID)

Incorporating indirect costs in economic evaluations with a simple user friendly tool.

 

With the Practical Application to Include Disease cost (PAID) tools, one can estimate the additional costs incurred to the health care system due to improved longevity after treatment. There are tools available for the Netherlands and the UK, with the plan to add further country tools in the future. Find the free PAID tools here.

For the technical background behind all PAID tools, we refer to van Baal, P.H., Wong, A.,Slobbe, L.J., Polder, J.J., Brouwer, W.B.,de Wit G.A. (2011) Standardizing the inclusion of indirect medical costs in economic evaluations. Pharmacoeconomics 29(3):175-87. Please also cite this text when using any of the PAID tools.

Netherlands

The original PAID for the Netherlands was developed at ESHPM in collaboration with RIVM and consists of tools in Excel (earlier version) and R Shiny (most recent version) in which users can select diseases they want to exclude from the estimates of per capita health care expenditures in order to prevent double counting of costs. Currently, there are three official versions of PAID: PAID 1.0,  PAID 1.1. and PAID 3.0. Cost estimates in PAID 1.0 were based on the Costs of Illness (COI) study in the Netherlands from 2005. These age and gender specific per capita average costs per disease and health care provider were decomposed into costs that are incurred in the last year of life and costs that are incurred in other years using various data sources. In PAID 1.1 data from the COI study of 2013 and also mortality rates from 2013 were used. All other data sources and steps in the decomposition used to construct PAID 1.1 are the same as in PAID 1.0.

Both PAID 1.0 and PAID 1.1 can be downloaded from this website. However, it is advised to use PAID 3.0 from July 1st 2016 onwards in economic evaluations.

For questions relating to PAID 1.0 and 1.1 please send an e-mail to Pieter van Baal vanbaal@bmg.eur.nl and state ‘PAID’ in the subject line. For questions about PAID 3.0 please contact Klas Kellerborg, kellerborg@eshpm.eur.nl, also stating ‘PAID’ in the subject line.

When reporting results obtained using PAID please refer to van Baal, P.H., Wong, A.,Slobbe, L.J., Polder, J.J., Brouwer, W.B.,de Wit G.A. (2011) Standardizing the inclusion of indirect medical costs in economic evaluations. Pharmacoeconomics 29(3):175-87.

For questions relating to PAID please send an e-mail to Pieter van Baal vanbaal@bmg.eur.nl and state ‘PAID’ in the subject line.

You can access the free online PAID 3.0 tool here

[Older versions, based on 2013 data]

You can download PAID 1.1 and its user manual here

You can download PAID 1.0 and its user manual here

UK

UK PAID was developed at ESHPM  and consists of an R Shiny tool in which users can obtain estimates estimate of future per capita health care expenditures. Cost estimates in UK PAID 1.0 were based on average Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and mortality data from 2013. These age and gender specific per capita average costs per health care provider were decomposed into costs that are incurred in the last year of life and costs that are incurred in other years using various data sources.

For questions relating to UK PAID please send an e-mail to Meg Perry-Duxbury perryduxbury@eshpm.eur.nl and state ‘UK PAID’ in the subject line.

You can access the free online UK PAID tool here.