PAID is developed at iBMG in collaboration with RIVM and consists of a series of worksheets in Excel in which users can select diseases they want to exclude from the estimates of per capita health care expenditures in order to prevent double counting of costs. Currently, there are two official versions of PAID: PAID 1.0 and PAID 1.1. Cost estimates in PAID 1.0 were based on the Costs of Illness study in the Netherlands from 2005. These age and gender specific per capita average costs per disease and health care provider were decomposed into costs that are incurred in the last year of life and costs that are incurred in other years using various data sources. In PAID 1.1 data from the Costs of Illness study of 2013 and also mortality rates from 2013 were used. All other data sources and steps in the decomposition used to construct PAID 1.1 are the same as in PAID 1.0. For the technical background behind PAID  we refer to van Baal, P.H., Wong, A.,Slobbe, L.J., Polder, J.J., Brouwer, W.B.,de Wit G.A. (2011) Standardizing the inclusion of indirect medical costs in economic evaluations. Pharmacoeconomics 29(3):175-87.

Both PAID 1.0 and PAID 1.1 can be downloaded from this website. However, it is advised to use PAID 1.1 from July 1st 2016 onwards in economic evaluations.

When reporting results obtained using PAID please refer to van Baal, P.H., Wong, A.,Slobbe, L.J., Polder, J.J., Brouwer, W.B.,de Wit G.A. (2011) Standardizing the inclusion of indirect medical costs in economic evaluations. Pharmacoeconomics 29(3):175-87.

For questions relating to PAID please send an e-mail to Pieter van Baal vanbaal@bmg.eur.nl and state ‘PAID’ in the subject line.

You can download PAID 1.1 and its user manual here

You can download PAID 1.0 and its user manual here